How Learners Learn?

A trainer is about to teach a group of students. Then he has collected data for trainee’s characteristics but the problem is he hasn’t assessed the students learning style to complete the trainee’s profile.

What is learning style? Learning style is one’s own way of learning new information and ideas. It will give us an idea on how a person receive and transfer information.

Suggested learning styles are VARK Learning Style Model and PART Learning Styles. Feel free to choose between the two in determining trainees’ learning style/s.

  • Visual, Auditory, Read/Write and Kinesthetic (VARK) Learning Style Model

    Everyone learn differently since we all have preferred way to absorb, comprehend and retain new information.

    VARK Learning styles, as proposed by Fleming and Mills (1992), is a model that describes how a person takes-in and gives-out information while learning. These learning styles are visual (learns best by seeing graphs, charts, and other symbols), auditory (learns best by listening), read/write (learns best by reading text-based information) and kinesthetic (learns best by doing).

  • PART Learning Styles

    Another model is PART Learning Styles. It is developed by Honey & Mumford but the idea originated from Kolb’s Learning Style Model.

    The four learning styles are:

    • Pragmatists‘putting theory into practice’ or ’needs to know how to apply the information in real world’ Pragmatist tends to integrate or put together theory and practice as they perceive information abstractly and process it actively. They always think problems and opportunities as challenges.
    • Activists‘having an experience’ or ’needs to do’ Activists put together experience and application as they perceive information concretely and process it actively. They would likely tackle problems by brainstorming. Activists learn by trial and error, & by self-discovery method.
    • Reflectors‘reflecting on it’ or ’needs time to think over information’ Reflectors integrate or put together experience within oneself as they perceive information concretely and process it reflectively. They learn by listening and sharing ideas.
    • Theorists‘drawing out own conclusion’ or ’needs to know theory behind information’ Theorists put together observations into complex but logically sound theory as they perceive information abstractly and process it reflectively. They learn by thinking through ideas.


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