*Vocational Education and Training VET*
The Vocational Education and Training VET is the merging between the Vocational Education and the Vocational Training. The question of whether to separate or integrate the Vocational Education and the Vocational Training Systems is one that has taken many considerations in all parts of the world.
It is in general perceived that there are fundamental differences between Vocational Education and Vocational Training and especially between the objectives of the two systems. However the current trend is clearly that Vocational Education and Vocational Training are both covered in the Vocational Education and Training VET System. This is primarily due to the fact that production technology and innovation is developing at an ever increasing speed. This means that the concept of first obtaining vocational qualifications at the level of skilled worker, and afterwards not having to be retrained, is becoming increasingly invalid. Instead one has to accept the idea of “Continuing or Life-long Education”, and thus not only unskilled but also skilled workers have to be involved in continuous retraining.
*Technical and Vocational Education and Training TVET*
The Technical and Vocational Education and Training TVET refers to non-academic technical education and practical training that develop the Awareness, Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes of apprentices working in different sectors of industry and trainees / students trained in different TVET Institutions (TVET Institutes, Centres & Schools). The TVET is that part of the education system that provides courses and training programmes related to employment with a view to enable the transition from Secondary Education to work for young trainees / students (social objective) and supply the labour market with competent apprentices (economic objective).
The TVET is used as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the educational process involving, in addition to general education, the study of technologies and related sciences, and the acquisition of Awareness, Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes relating to occupations in various sectors of economic and social life.
*The TVET is further understood to be*:
- An integral part of general education
- A means of preparing for occupational fields for effective participation in the world of work
- An aspect of continuing or lifelong learning and a preparation for responsible citizenship
- An instrument for promoting environmentally sound sustainable development
- A method of facilitating poverty alleviation