LATEST TRENDS IN INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION

INTRODUCTION

THE UNIVERSITY AS AN ORGANIZATION

  • One of the few surviving medieval institutions with similar form and function
  • Basic purpose: the creation and dissemination of knowledge
  • Organizational focus: the discipline
  • Organizational unit: the department

UNIVERSITY CHARACTERISTICS

  • Decentralized organization
  • Bottom heavy Organization
  • High degree of autonomy in decision-making by academic staff

The combination of financial stringency and demands for improved efficiency, increased access and better quality have forced higher education institutions to:

SEEK NEW SOURCES OF FUNDING
REDUCE EXPENDITURE
IMPROVE THE UTILIZATION OF EXISTING RESOURCES

 

HEIs are now subject to choices for support among the following options within its environment

  • General Education Vs. Vocational
  • Publicly Supported Vs. Private
  • Basic Vs. Applied Research
  • Traditional Vs. Distance Learning
  • International Vs. Regional Vs. National Orientation of Programmes
  • Consensus Oriented Management Vs. Professional Management

At the same time changes have occurred in the environment external to higher education.

These are:

  • CHANGES IN THE GEOPOLITICAL ORDER
  • GLOBALIZATION IN THE SOCIETAL DOMAIN
  • CHANGES IN THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT

These have led to:

  • INCREASED DIVERSIFICATION IN ORDER TO PRODUCE NEW TYPES OF GRADUATES IN RESPONSE TO THE CHANGING NEEDS OF THE LABOUR MARKET
  • CLOSER LINKS WITH INDUSTRY
  • THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW CONTENT, METHOD (SUCH AS DISTANCE EDUCATION TO IMPROVE LEARNER ACCESS) AND STRUCTURES

These changes have also led to:

CHANGES IN GOVERNMENT STEERING POLICIES, UNIVERSITY DECISION MAKING PROCESS AND UNIVERSITY MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES

 

 

 

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