1. Write the objectives of Safety Management
Ans: To preserve the physical assets from unsafe conditions.
- To prevent the human resources from unsafe act resulting from unsafe actresulting injuries or death.
- To reduce the operating costs resulting from compensation paid or cost of property damages.
The objectives of Safety in the organization
- To save the life and limbs of workers,
- To protect production from discontinuity
- To decreased labor turn over
- To maintain the quality of production
- ‘To ensure smooth increase of productivity
- To maintain harmonious management labor relation.
2. Write the functions of Safety Management.
Ans: Functions of Safety Management
1. Formulate policy for safety of workmen.
2. Formulate safety procedure and programs.
3. Take prompt measures for elimination of hazards or accidents.
4. Maintain safely equipments in sound condition.
5. Keep necessary records of accidents and measures taken for prevention of accident.
6. Seek cooperation of employees in safety measures.
7. Orient the employees about safely measures through training, discussion etc. Functions of Safety Organizations
8. Safety management needs to be integrated the functioning of the industry both in concept and in practice. This in turn, projects the need for strong safety organizations within the units and well-planned efforts directed at managing safety.
9. Safety policy, Staff safely assistance, Managers participating in safety
10. Employees participating in safety, Plant medical services.
11. Training and development of employees. Influence of supervision
12. Management information system, Incentives schemes and safety promotion, Managing the change
3. What arc the roles of safety managers?
Ans: Complying with all applicable safety and health standards, rules, regulations and orders issued by competent authority pertaining to the activities immediately under their jurisdiction.
- Ensuring that employees are instructed and or trained in safe practices and methods of job performance as relates to their assignment.
- Ensuring that sick and or injured employees performing official duties receive appropriate first aid and or medical attention,
- Investigating and reporting each incident and or injury in accordance with established procedures.
- Initiating to the limit of their authority and capability, such actions necessary to correct unsafe or unhealthy working conditions determined to exist and promptly advising appropriate management when such conditions require corrective actions beyond their authority.
- Conducting regular surveys of their operations to ensure compliance with such safety standards, codes, regulations, rules and orders applicable to the work area concerned
- Ensuring that employees under their supervision are aware of their responsibilities.
- Supervisors are responsible for implementing PPE programs in their area.
4. What is the management actions needed for organizational safety?
Ans.Top management leadership?
- Adequate funding.
- Participation and involvement of senior managers
- Adequate control- technical and administrative over process and
- hazardous substances. “
- Systems to check- technical and administrative over process andhazardous substances. “
- System to check, monitor and ensure safe working conditions and workmethods.”
- A preventive maintenance program geared to safety needs.
- Capable staff safety assistance, a strategy for training of managers, supervisor and workmen.
- Forums for meaningful participation of employees.
- Exchange of in formation with other industries, units and groups.,
- Preparedness for emergency on site and off-site, in case of units major hazard potentials
- Sufficient medical arid first facilities
- Technical competence and professional leadership in the field “
- The ultimate aim of the managers should be to take the organization to heights of success both in growth and standards of safety, through excellence in management
5. Define emergency planning.
Ans: Emergency planning is recognizing that accidents are possible, assessing the consequences of
such accidents and deciding on the emergency ptoedures both on site and off site that would need to be implemented in the ever of an emergency.
6. What are the objectives of emergency planning?
Ans: the objectives of emergency planning
- (a) to, localize the emergency and, if possible eliminate it.
- (b) to minimize the effects of the accident on people and property,”
- (c) to safeguard others (evacuating them to safer places).
- (d) to rescue the victims and treat them properly-.
- (e) to identify the persons affected dead.
(f) to inform relatives of the casualties.
- (g) to provide authoritative information to the news media.
- (h) to preserve relevant records and equipment needed as evidence in case of an inquiry.
- ( i) to rehabilitate the affected areas.
7. Explain in details the formulation on and techniques of emergency planning.
- a) Identification of types of expected disasters depending upon the type of in industrial unit
- b) Identification of various groups, agencies, departments etc. necessary for dealing with a specific
- disasters effectively.
- c) Preparation by intensive training of relevant teams’ group within the organization to deal with a speci -fic disaster and keep them in readiness.
- d) Establishment of an early detection system for the disasters.
- e) Development of a reliable instant information or communication system.
- f) Organization and mobilization of all the concerned departments/ organization group and agencies.
instantly when needed.
ü Complex installation plan should include the following elements:
(a) assessment of the size and nature of the potential accidents and the relative likeihood of their occurrence;
(b) formulation of the plan and liaison with outside authorities,
including the emergency services/ fire services.
(c) procedures for raising the alarm and for communicating both within” and outside :he
(d) establishment of an early detection system for the emergency;
(e) the loctlion and organization of the emergency control centre;
(f) the actions of workers on site during the emergency, including evacuation procedures; the actions of workers and others off site during the emergency
8. In developing emergency planning how responsibility of the site is organized.
9. Write the possible causes of major accidents.
a) component failure;
b) deviations from normal operating conditions;
c) human and organizational errors;
d) outside accident interferences;
e) natural forces,
f) acts of mischief and sabotage.
10. What do you mean by outside accidental interferences?
1. road, rail and ship transport’ (especially carrying chemical substances)
2. loading stations for hazardous substances;
3. excessive atmospheric temp, in case of transport;
4. neighboring installations, especially those handling flammable or explosive substances,
5. mechanical impact such as that caused by a falling crane or heavy load. road, tai! end ship
transport ‘(especially carrying substances)
6. loading stations for hazardous substances;
7. excessive atmospheric temp, in case of transport;
8. neighboring installations, especially those handling flammable or explosive substances,
9. mechanical impact such as that caused by a falling crane or heavy load .